Mechanical Engineering Science

Influence of Curve Geometric Parameters on Curving Performance of Sub-frame Radial Bogie

YANGChunlei, HUANGYunhua, DINJunjun


Based on the theory of vehicle-track coupling dynamics, the coupling dynamic model of the freight car mounted with the sub-frame bogies and the numerical model of curved track were established, utilizing the fast numerical integration method, the curving performance of the vehicle was simulated to study the influence of the curve geometric parameters such as curve radius, transition curve length and superelevation of outer rail on the wheel-rail dynamic interaction. The simulation results indicate that: (1) Increasing the curve radius can decrease the wheel-rail wear, but the effect will weaken while the curve radius is greater than 800m. (2) If the transition curve length is less than 30m, vibrations will appear at the transition-circle connecting point, and the smaller the transition length, the bigger the vibrations, the worse the wheel-rail wear, but when the length is bigger than 50m, its further variation has very little effect on wheel-rail wear. (3) The superelevation of outer rail can affect the distribution and difference of the inner and outer wheel-rail forces, and too large deficient or excessive superelevation will worsen the wheel-rail wear either. However, an appropriate deficient superelevation of outer rail (e.g. <20mm) is helpful to reduce the wheel-rail wear, which is consistent with the engineering practice of settling a certain deficient superelevation value.


heavy-haul freight car; sub-frame radial bogie; curve geometric parameters; wheel-rail wear

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