Mechanical Engineering Science

Numerical Investigation on Flow and Heat Transfer Performance of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide Based on Variable Turbulent Prandtlnumber Model

LIUXiaokai, ZHANGHaiyan, CHENGKeyong, HUAiXiulan, LIAOHaiyan, ZHANGZhongmei


Flow and heat transfer characteristic of supercritical carbon dioxide (SCO2) are numerically investigated in the horizontal and vertical tubes. TWL turbulent Prandtl number model could well describe the behavior of SCO2 affected by the buoyancy. Under the cooling condition, the heat transfer performance of SCO2 along the upward direction is best and that along the downward direction is worst when bulk fluid temperatures are below the pseudocritical temperature. Reducing the ratio of heat flux to mass flux could decrease the difference of convective heat transfer coefficient in three flow directions. Under the heating condition, heat transfer deterioration only occurs in vertical upward and horizontal flow directions. Heat transfer deterioration of SCO2 could be delayed by increasing the mass flux and the deterioration degree is weakened in the second half of tube along the vertical upward flow direction. Compared with the straight tube, the corrugated tube shows better comprehensive thermal performance.


Supercritical carbon dioxide; Turbulent Prandtl number; Flow and heat transfer; Field synergy principle; Numerical investigation

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