Research and Application of Materials Science

Isothermal and Non-Isothermal Crystallization Kinetics of PVDF and PVDF/PMMA Blends

SONGJianbin, CAIYuan, ZHANGBin, TANGLixin, SHIRongrong, SUNHaiyan, WANGLiang, YANYonghuan

Abstract


Background: poly(vinylidene fluoride) PVDF and PVDF/PMMA blends have been investigated with a focus on the crystal structure, immiscibility and mechanical properties. However, few reports were found on the crystallization behaviors of PVDF and PVDF/PMMA blends, especially on crystallization kinetics. The article is to report the research on isothermal and nonisothermal crystallization kinetics for PVDF and PVDF/PMMA blends using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Results: Besides crystallization temperature and isothermal crystallization activation energy, the Avrami equation exponent of PVDF in blends decreased compared with pure PVDF. The nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of PVDF and PVDF/PMMA (70:30) blends were investigated by Ozawa equation, Jeziorny method and crystallization rate constant (CRC) in detail. The nonisothermal crystallization energy of pure PVDF and its blends were determined by the Kissinger and Vyazovkin’s method. Conclusion: The nucleation and growth mechanism of PVDF in blends changed compared with pure PVDF. The Ozawa equation is not applicable in nonisothermal crystallization kinetics of PVDF and PVDF/PMMA blends. The decreasing of crystallization ability of PVDF in blends were found and confirmed by CRC and the decline of crystallization rate constant in Jeziorny method. Such is opposite to the results of Kissinger’s and Vyazovkin’s method, chances are that these two methods were not used to calculate the nonisothermal crystallization activation energy where the nucleation process was influenced.


Keywords


PVDF; PMMA; crystallization; isothermal

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33142/rams.v2i2.3169

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Copyright (c) 2021 Jianbin SONG, Yuan CAI, Bin ZHANG, Lixin TANG, Rongrong SHI, Haiyan SUN, Liang WANG, Yonghuan YAN

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