Research and Application of Materials Science

Fabrication and Growing Kinetics of Highly Dispersed Gadolinium Zirconate Nanoparticles

ZhuRenbo, ZouJianpeng, MaoJie, ZhangXiaofeng, DengChunming, LiuMin, ChenWenlong

Abstract



Highly dispersed gadolinium zirconate (GZ) nanoparticles with fluorite structure were successfully synthesized by co-precipitation method, and their phase composition and microstructure, formation mechanism, and grain growth kinetics were investigated. The results suggest that the nanoparticles were obtained through hydroxide dehydration and solid phase reaction. High dispersion was accomplished by ethanol solvent to reduce the hydrogen bond and sodium dodecyl benzene sulfonate (SDBS) surfactant to increase the electrostatic repulsion between the nanoparticles. The grain growth activation energy of GZ powders calcined at lower temperature (< 1200 °C) is 86.5 kJ/mol (Ql ), and the grain growth activation energy of GZ powders calcined at higher temperature (> 1200 °C) is 148.4 kJ/mol (Qh ). The current study shows that the optimal process to synthesize dispersed GZ nanoparticles includes ethanol solvent, 3 wt.% SDBS surfactant, and 1100 °C as calcining temperature.

Keywords


Gadolinium zirconate; Co-precipitation method; Phase structure; Kinetics; Dispersed nanoparticles

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33142/msra.v1i1.670

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Copyright (c) 2019 Renbo Zhu, Jianpeng Zou, Jie Mao, Xiaofeng Zhang, Chunming Deng, Min Liu, Wenlong Chen

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